Migrant’s remittances and living conditions of households of origin: Evidence from Kinshasa

As part of the Lunchtime Seminar Series, the African Centre for Migration & Society invites you to a seminar titled Migrant’s remittances and living conditions of households of origin: Evidence from Kinshasa by José Mangalu Mobhe Agbada (Département des Sciences de la Population et du Développement, Faculté des Sciences Economiques et de Gestion, Université de Kinshasa).

The aim of this seminar is to study the involvement of households of origin in the migratory process of their members as well as the participation of migrants in the economic survival of their households of origin. The main hypotheses assume a very close link between supports provided to migrants by their households of origin and migrants’ remittance behaviour. Similarly, households receiving remittances are expected to enjoy better living conditions than those who do not. The data used come from the MAFE-RDC survey, conducted in Kinshasa in July/August 2007 as part of the project “Crise économique et migrations internationales en RDC ». Ce projet s’inscrivait dans le programme de recherche international dénommé FSP-74 « Migrations internationales, recompositions territoriales et développement dans les pays du Sud »,“, financed by the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs through CEPED. A stratified and representative sample of 945 households was drawn. The data were analyzed using binomial logistic regression, ordinal regression. The results indicate that the majority of migrants received assistance from their household of origin at the beginning of the migration. These supports provided by households largely determined the migrants’ remittances behaviour and the probability of households to receive remittances from their migrants. The most assisted migrants were also more likely to remit. Finally, households receiving remittances are more likely to enjoy better living conditions than others, especially those with at least one migrant residing outside Africa.


José Mangalu Mobhe Agbada is Demographer. He got his Ph.D. degree from Université Catholique de Louvain in Belgium since 2011. His research area covers international migration, remittances, the links between migrants and their households of origin, the contribution of migration to development, research methodology in social sciences, data analysis, etc. He is also interested in the links between migration and health.

He is currently Professor in the Department of Population and Development Sciences at the University of Kinshasa and Vice-Dean in charge of Research at the Faculty of Economic Sciences and Management. he is the author of several scientific articles, including the most recent:

Guide d’analyse des données en sciences sociales et humaines : De la conception de l’étude à la préparation des analyses. Paris : L’Harmattan;

Congolese Migration in Times of Political and Economic Crisis “ in Beauchemin, Cris. Migration between Africa and Europe. Paris : Springer. pp. 189-216;

Congolese Migration and Family Life between Africa and Europe “ in Beauchemin, Cris. Migration between Africa and Europe. Paris : Springer. pp. 239-264.

“Migrant’s Remittances and Living Conditions of Households of Origin. Evidence from Kinshasa” in Emina, J and Shapiro, D. Population and Development Challenges in Sb-Saharan Africa. Dounia Review. N°7. Kinshasa-Bruxelles-Paris : pp. 99-126.

Date: Tuesday 10 September 2019

Time: 12.45 -13.45

Venue: ACMS Seminar Room 2163, South East Wing, Second Floor, Solomon Mahlangu House, University of the Witwatersrand East Campus