Governing Morality: Gender Sexuality and Migration
The regulation of gender and sexuality has been central to the construction of group identity in times of conflict and social change. To this end, sexuality and reproduction have often been actively governed in ways that maintain the boundaries of social groups. Examples include the unauthorised sterilization of black women in South Africa during apartheid, the immorality Act prohibiting sexual relationships across race groups, the anti-abortion laws in many countries and the ban on birth control in Northern Ireland, all of which have functioned to reproduce the nation and who belongs to it. Whilst there has been a rich body of work that has considered the ways in which gendered and sexual regulations were used to accomplish the notion of separate race groups in South Africa, there have been significant contextual changes since democracy. A concern with migrants as a threat in South Africa has (re)produced new forms of identity and belonging that nevertheless draw on past practices of racial meaning-making constructed during the apartheid era. In this new focus on migrants as an outsider group, a concern with sexual and gendered practices has once more emerged.
Projects under this theme include the Programme of work entitled Gender sexuality and migration in South Africa which considers how gender has shaped notions of humanitarianism in the asylum system and how the regulation of family life and notions of morality continues to shape migration policy through attention to sex work, trafficking and other gendered practices. In addition, this area of work considers how violence is justified through gendered notions of the nation where protection of the ‘womenandchildren’ legitimates exclusion of different groups of people in the name of defending the nation. In times of conflict everyday domestic practices such as clothing, food, music etc are often used to memorialize violence in ways that blur the boundaries between the domestic and the political. This memory from below is another key area of research in this theme. See below for the most recent publications under this theme.
Mahati, S.T., Palmary, I. 2017. Independent migrant children, humanitarian work and statecraft: Mapping the connections in South Africa. In O’Dell, L., Brownlow, C., Bertilsdotter-Rosqvist, H. (Eds.) Different Childhoods: Non/Normative Development and Transgressive Trajectories. Routledge: New York.
Maher, S. 2017. Historicising ‘irregular’ migration from Senegal to Europe. Anti-Trafficking Review, 9, 77-91.
Peumans, W. 2017. Queer Muslims in Europe: Sexuality, Religion and Migration. IB Tauris: London.
Radford, L., Lombard, N., Meinck, F., Katz, E., Mahati, S.T. 2017. Researching violence with children: experiences and lessons from the UK and South Africa. Families, Relationships and Societies, 6, 239-256.
Walker, R., Vearey, J., Nencel, L. 2017. Negotiating the city: exploring the intersecting vulnerabilities of non- national migrant mothers who sell sex in Johannesburg, South Africa. AGENDA, 31, 91-103.
Huschke, S., 2016. Victims Without a Choice? A Critical View on the Debate About Sex Work in Northern Ireland. Sexuality Research and Social Policy 14, 192-205.
Huschke, S., Schubotz, D., 2016. Commercial sex, clients, and Christian morals: Paying for sex in Ireland. Sexualities 19, 869–887.
Oliveira, E., 2016. ‘I am more than just a sex worker but you have to also know that I sell sex and it’s okay’: Lived Experiences of Migrant Sex Workers in Inner-City Johannesburg, South Africa. Urban Forum 28, 43–57.
Oliveira, E., and Vearey, J., 2016. ‘Know me! But, remember that this is only part of who I am’: a participatory photo research project with migrant women sex workers in inner-city Johannesburg, South Africa. In: Arnold, M. and Meskimmon, M. (eds) Homeland: Migration, Women, Citizenship. Liverpool University Press: Liverpool.
Palmary, I., 2016. Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, in: The Wiley Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Gender and Sexuality Studies. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Palmary, I., 2016. The Normalization of Violence: Gender, Sexuality and Asylum, in: Gender, Sexuality and Migration in South Africa. Springer, pp. 31–52.
Richter, M., and Vearey, J., 2016. Migration and sex work in South Africa: key concerns for gender and health. In: Gideon, J. (ed) Gender and Health Handbook. Edward Elgar Publishing: UK.
Clacherty, G., 2015. The Suitcase Project: Working with Unaccompanied Child Refugees in New Ways, in: Healing and Change in the City of Gold. Springer, pp. 13–30.
Ndlovu, D.S., 2015. Violence and Memory in Breaking the Silence of Gukurahundi: A Case Study of the ZAM in Johannesburg, South Africa, in: Healing and Change in the City of Gold. Springer, pp. 59–77.
Nyangairi, B., Palmary, I., 2015. Watching Each Other’s’ Back, Coping with Precarity in Sex Work, in: Healing and Change in the City of Gold. Springer, pp. 121–134.
Oliveira, E., 2015. ‘You might not think so but I value me because I provide for my family’: Reflections of a Zimbabwean Sex Worker. The Creative Journal.
Oliveira, E., and Klass, V., 2015. The Cost of Sex Work: No Easy Choices. BUWA! Feminism and Culture: A Journal on African Women’s Experiences.
Oliveira, E., Vearey, J., 2015. Images of place: visuals from migrant women sex workers in South Africa. Medical anthropology 34, 305–318.
Palmary, I., and Barnes, B. R., 2015. Critical psychology in Africa: the impossible task. In I. Parker (ed.), Sage Handbook of Critical Psychology.
Palmary, I., Hamber, B., Núñez, L., 2015. Case Studies of Precarious Life in Johannesburg, in: Healing and Change in the City of Gold. Springer, pp. 1–11.
Palmary, I., Mahati, S., 2015. Using deconstructing developmental psychology to read child migrants to South Africa. Feminism & Psychology 25, 347–362.
Steen, R., Jana, S., Reza-Paul, S., Richter, M., 2015. Trafficking, sex work, and HIV: efforts to resolve conflicts. The Lancet 385, 94–96.
Vearey, J., Richter, M., 2015. Implications of Football World Cup 2010 in Johannesburg. The Lived Experiences of Migrant Sex Workers. Urban Safety and Security 114.
Walker, R., 2015. Absent bodies and present memories: marking out the every day and the future in Eastern Sri Lanka. Identities 22, 109–123.
Walker, R., Clacherty, G., 2015. Shaping new spaces: An alternative approach to healing in current shelter interventions for vulnerable women in Johannesburg, in: Healing and Change in the City of Gold. Springer, pp. 31–58.
Walker, R., Oliveira, E., 2015. Contested spaces: Exploring the intersections of migration, sex work and trafficking in South Africa. Graduate Journal of Social Science 11.
Yengde, S.M., 2015. Caste among the Indian Diaspora in Africa. Economic and Political Weekly 50, 65–68.
Palmary, I., 2014. A politics of feminist translation: using translation to understand gendered meaning-making in research. Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society 39, 576–580.
Palmary, I., Hamber, B., Núñez, L., 2014. Healing and change in the City of Gold: Case studies of coping and support in Johannesburg. Springer.
Richter, M.L., Scorgie, F., Chersich, M.F., Luchters, S., 2014. ‘There are a lot of new people in town: but they are here for soccer, not for business’a qualitative inquiry into the impact of the 2010 soccer world cup on sex work in South Africa. Globalization and health 10, 45.